World's Circus Origin
First attested in English 14th century, the word circus derives from Latin circus, which is the romanization of the Greek κίρκος (kirkos), itself a metathesis of the Homeric Greek κρίκος (krikos), meaning "circle" or "ring
The origin of the modern circus has been attributed to Philip Astley, a cavalry officer from England who set up the first modern amphitheater for the display of horse riding tricks in Lambert, London on 4 April 1768 Astley did not originate trick horse riding, nor was he first to introduce acts such as acrobats and clowns to the English public, but he was the first to create a space where all these acts were brought together to perform a show. In England circuses were often held in purpose built buildings in large cities, such as the London Hippodrome, which was built as a combination of the circus, the menagerie and the variety theater, where wild animals such as lions and elephants from time to time appeared in the ring, and where convulsions of nature such as floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions have been produced with an extraordinary wealth of realistic display.
The Man Behind
"Mian Farzand Ali"
A profound, legendary and highly intellectual personality in the sphere of performing arts and culture. “Arain Pictures” was a initiative taken by him in the decade of 1960-1970 in pure love for the visual medium which was able to proudly produce about 35 internationally recognized films such as Qaidi, Daag, Sangam, Ameer Khan, Haseena Numbri, Ashiq Das, Mujhe Jeenay Do, Waris Shah and many more to the list. Under his supervision as the Chairman Pakistan Film industry many movies were able to capture attention and hearts internationally. Out of his passion for the cinema, he generously assisted many films creatively, financially and responsibly as he firmly believed that potential art must be projected to masses. Mr. Farzand was a pioneer in Pakistan to introduce the concept of circus in 1969 with the friendly collaboration with Iranian performers which later resulted in the birth of the name “LUCKY IRANI CIRCUS” (1970- present). The ambition was instantly accepted and was considered a revolution in performing arts and entertainment sector of Pakistan. A genuine prodigy in the arts field and a mentor to many left everyone in mourning on 31st August 2000. Although the entertainment world has been deprived of a true art devotee and a circus explorer, his inspirational and gentle personality has nurtured a sense of commitment and strength to serve art and entertainment arenas in his successors and colleagues. The Show Must Go On, as they say, is the notion followed by the LIC and it is certainly going to continue for many years to come as long as it reaches every circus lover alive.
"Mian Amjad Farzand"
The one to pursue the dream of his father with dedication and zeal. Mr. Amjad was able to carry the legacy by modifying the circus platform with his innovation and vision keeping in mind the audiences appetite and the latest market trends. Mr. Amjad clubbed international art performers in the LIC establishment from all over the world such as Japan, Korea, Italy, Germany and Russia. Moreover he also collaborated with wide variety of performing arts organizations and artists, extending and building the skill base across all areas of the Pakistan ensuring that it remains a sustainable, thriving and the only leading circus art form and entertainment. LIC is committed to offer innovative, creative and inclusive programs for all, reaching out to those with fewer opportunities and working with different communities.
Similar to Mr. Farzand, his father, he also got the honor of serving as the Chairman Pakistan Film Association for 3 years and a member of Pakistan Censor Board. During his tenure some wonderful projects came into light. He has explored the visual mediums in form of cinema and television both. Some great projects produced under his supervision include Blind Love, Hawa Par Raqs and Pappu Plaza.
"Mian Saif Amjad"
Mr. Saif is taking the legacy of his elders forward by bringing their ideas and vision into light. He is determined to take LIC towards the rising bar for sustainability performance within the regional and international markets. Static circus development and recognition is one of his main areas of interest for which he keeps a keen eye on the latest trends and audiences appetite. Presently he is dedicated in introducing this budding idea around Pakistan and abroad by valuing the services and keeping along the LIC family who he zealously believes to be the driving force behind success and growth.